FAQs on HPV Vaccines (Cervical Cancer Vaccine)

Human Papiloma Virus (HPV) is among the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the USA. In this country, the HPV virus is transmitted to 6.2 million people every year. Although it is known that HPV causes some important diseases in the female population, it causes diseases in men or is transmitted to women. ,

Gardasil (HPV vaccine) is a live virus free vaccine that is administered in 3 doses over a 6-month period. It is considered a highly effective vaccine against 4 types of viruses that cause cervical cancer and genital warts.

What is HPV Vaccine Reliability?

The safety and reliability studies of 11,000 women aged 9-26 years old have been conducted by the HPV vaccine by the FDA. This study has shown that the vaccine has no serious side effects. The most common side effect is pain and redness sometimes seen at the vaccine site.

In Which Age Range Should HPV Vaccine Be Received?


If possible, 11-12 years old girls and boys can be vaccinated in 3 doses without HPV test, even if sexual intercourse is concerned, even before sexual intercourse. It has also been shown to be effective when performed in women up to 45 years old.

Can Men Get HPV Vaccine?

HPV in men; Vaccination is known to be beneficial as it can lead to penile, anus, and genital wart pathologies. In addition, female infectious prevention should not be forgotten when men need to be vaccinated.

After The Vaccination How Long Does the Protection Against HPV Lasts?

In the light of today's information, protection after 3 doses continues for life. Therefore, a booster dose is not required after 3 doses.

Can Pregnant Women Get HPV Vaccination?

It should not be started in pregnant women. If it is pregnant after the first dose, it should be started from scratch after pregnancy. If it was conceived after two doses, the third dose was after delivery during breastfeeding6. It can be done safely from the week. If vaccination is done without knowing that you are pregnant, it is not necessary to terminate the pregnancy; No congenital apology was shown. It can be done safely during breastfeeding.

What is the Age Range for HPV Vaccination?

HPV vaccine can be given to young girls between the ages of 12-26 and as early as 9 years old.

Why Is It Recommended at Such a Young Age?

Not having any of the HPV types before sexual life begins, provides the highest protection from vaccination.

Is Vaccine Useful in Those Who Has Sexual Activity?

Although women who have started their sexual life are vaccine-protective, they are less protected than those who have not had sexual contact. This is because some HPV types may be infected in those who have started their sexual life, and the protection power of the vaccine decreases. However, even if there is any HPV type infection, it is seen that the protection against the other 3 types continues.

Why Is There a Range Between 9-26 Years Old, What Should Older Age Do?

Studies on the efficacy of the HPV vaccine initially covered this age range and were certified by authorized drug control agencies. Studies on the age of 26 have recently started and some results have been obtained. Currently, drug leave commissions are based on 9-26 age range. (CDC guidelines 2006).

Studies show that protection can be up to 46 years old.

Can Vaccines Be Used for Men?

In terms of evidence-based medicine, precise evidence of HPV vaccine in men is not yet sufficient. In the light of indirect data and findings, it is thought that they will have benefits on pathologies such as penis, anus cancer and genital warts. According to the course of scientific studies, it is thought that vaccination of men will protect women indirectly from some types of cancer. However, due to the lack of accurate evidence, vaccination protocols for men are not yet available.

Can Pregnant Women Be Vaccinated?

HPV vaccine is still not recommended in pregnant women. There is insufficient evidence and research on the side effects of the vaccine in pregnant women and in the womb. Although studies performed to date have not shown their undesirable effects in pregnant women and newborns, current studies are insufficient in terms of definitive evidence. The available information suggests that vaccinations begin or completion of deficiencies after the end of pregnancy. Pregnant women who realize their pregnancy after the first dose of the vaccine should continue their other vaccinations after the termination of pregnancy.

Op. Sibel Malkoç, MD

Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist

Dr. Sibel Malkoç attended many domestic and international training seminars and congresses during 25 years of specialised physician service.

Pregnancy follow-up, urinary incontinence surgery and laser treatments, genital aesthetic surgery and laser applications and vaginismus treatment are of special interest.

It serves its patients especially in surgical and laser-assisted Vagina aesthetics.

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