What is HPV
HPV (Human papillomavirus infection) virus, which is mostly sexually transmitted and can cause genital warts, cervical and vagina cancer in women; It is a virus with more than 100 types. It can cause warts (condyloma), cell proliferation and cancer in different parts of the body. HPV causes wart formation within 2-3 months after being taken into the body. Warts are most common in the genital area but can appear all over the body. 80-90% of HPV is destroyed by the body's defence cells. The cancer formation process of HPV virus is 10-15 years. HPV is positive in 99% of mouth cancers. The HPV virus is also considered among the causes of penile, scrotum and anorectal cancers in men. The very common HPV virus is easily transmitted and can cause major health problems. Today, vaccination can be done against the most common types of the virus, which has nearly 100 species. Two separate HPV vaccines available on the market protect them from the common types of viruses that cause cancer.
How HPV is Transmitted?
The agent causing the infection is human papillomavirus (HPV), which has more than 100 species. It is not possible to determine the date of infection. It is transmitted by skin contact, the main way of infection of the virus is sexual intercourse. It is transmitted by contact with an infected person's penis, scrotum (male ovary bag), vagina, or external genital area. In case of contact with an orally infected genital area, transmission also occurs. Using a condom does not always prevent contamination because the virus can also be transmitted from a genital area that is not covered with a condom. Infection often occurs as cellular changes that the naked eye cannot see. These can be detected in women with a diagnosis of uterine cancer. Sometimes the infection manifests itself with classic cauliflower-looking warts (condyloma acuminata). In most cases, infection comes and occurs unnoticed.