Menopause and Osteoporosis
What is Osteoporosis?
Bone loss means osteoporosis. Increasing bone production until the age of 35 enters the period of loss from this age, and after the menopause, this loss accelerates very much. The main reason for this is the deficiency of oestrogen, a female hormone. 20 years after menopause, 30-40% loss occurs. As a result, there is a tendency to shorten the length and fractures. Studies have shown that 25% of 70-year-old women have a back or lower back bone and 20% of 90-year-old women.
Osteoporosis increases with advancing age, and it is more common in women than men. In women with a general body structure, women with a family history of bone loss or bone fracture or a shortening of the neck, they have entered menopause before surgery due to the removal of ovaries before the age of 45 or surgery. osteoporosis occurs earlier and heavily in women.
Osteoporosis most often affects the vertebrae, which carry the body's burden. 40-50% of all osteoporosis occurs in the vertebrae, 20% in the hip, 10-15% in the wrists and 20% in other bones. As a result, there may be a shortening in length due to collapse fractures in the vertebrae, or spontaneously due to slight falls. , life-threatening fractures may occur in other bones, especially in the hip.In addition, women who do not have menstruation for a long time, those who have low calcium intake with food, those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, those who consume excessive cigarette-alcohol, those who lack sunlight and therefore vitamin D , those who have to use cortisone and some other drugs and those with various hormonal diseases, especially hyperthyroidism, have a high risk of osteoporosis.
It is for all these reasons that; Even in women who have no complaints, bone measurement is recommended once they enter menopause, and then at five-year intervals.