What is Premenstrual Syndrome?
(Premenstrual Tension Syndrome)
Premenstrual tension (PMS) is a single or more symptoms that start within 1 week before menstruation and disappear with menstrual bleeding to the extent that it affects the lifestyle of the person. It is especially seen in women of reproductive age between the ages of 25-40. Frequent complaints; tension, a feeling of swelling in the abdomen, tenderness in the breasts, fatigue, irritability, quick anger, changes in appetite, sleep disturbances. All of the findings may not be seen at the same time and disappear after menstruation.
PMS disorder has to do with cultural, socioeconomic and lifestyle. The severity of the disease can vary from person to person. In diagnosing, menstrual calendar is used. It is diagnostic to start before menstruation and to decrease symptoms with bleeding and to repeat this condition in at least 3 periods. Although the cause of premenstrual tension is not known precisely, hormonal changes are thought to play a role. It may show familial features.
Treatment depends on the severity of the findings. Lifestyle changes, dietary changes (salt, caffeine, reduction of drinking and smoking) and exercise can be effective. If ovulation is suppressed, complaints may decrease. In its definitive treatment, suppressing ovulation with birth control pills or creating false menopause will manage to solve the problem.