Pap - Smear Test for Early Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer!
Smear test is a screening test for cervical cancer (cervical cancer) by taking a swab from the cervix. Purpose of smear test; To detect the lesions in the cervix that are at risk of turning into cancer over the years, and to prevent them from turning into cancer by performing the necessary treatment.
Preferably, the patient should not have sexual intercourse for 2 days before taking a smear. Vaginal medication, cream, powder, spray should not be used and do not shower vaginally. Since blood will affect the smear test, menstrual time smear test cannot be taken.
According to the recommendations of the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the American College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (ACOG), smears should be taken 3 years after the first sexual intercourse and at the latest at the age of 21, and then 1 should be taken annually. If the results are normal for three consecutive years, the procedure can be performed every 2-3 years after the age of 30 in the non-risky group. If there is an abnormal smear result between the ages of 60 and 70, the smear should be removed at the age of 70. There is no need to perform a smear test on patients whose uterus is taken for a non-malignant reason. However, if the uterus is not completely removed in the operation and the cervix is left, it should be included in the smear screening program.
Some women have abnormal results because of the Pap smear test. In this case, one of the following ways is chosen:
- Smear test can be done again in 3-6 months,
- Testing for Human Papilloma Virus which causes cervical cancer,
- A colposcopy can be performed to examine the cervix with a microscope-like instrument.
The patient, who is evaluated in one of these 3 ways, is then taken to the necessary advanced examination and treatment procedures.
That's all for these reasons; remember to have your pap smear test regularly for early dıagnosıs.